"Housing and the Macroeconomy: The Role of Bailout Guarantees for Government Sponsored Enterprises"

This paper evaluates the macroeconomic and distributional effects of government bailout guarantees for Government Sponsored Enterprises (such as Fannie Mae and Freddy Mac) in the mortgage market. In order to do so we construct a model with heterogeneous, in finitely lived households and competitive housing and mortgage markets. Households have the option to default on their mortgages, with the consequence of having their homes foreclosed. We model the bailout guarantee as a government provided and tax- financed mortgage interest rate subsidy. We fi nd that eliminating this subsidy leads to substantially lower equilibrium mortgage origination and increases aggregate welfare, but has little eff ect on foreclosure rates and housing investment. The interest rate subsidy is a regressive policy: eliminating it benefi ts low-income and low-asset households who did not own homes or had small mortgages, while lowering the welfare of high-income, high-asset households.


Paper Number: 11-034

Paper Year: 2011


Karsten Jeske
Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman